Study of the ultrasound-stimulated extraction of biologically active substances from raw plant materials

Article
N.V. Semagina, M.G. Sul’man, E.M. Sul’man, T.V. Ankudinova
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal 34 (2), 69-72
Publication year: 2000

Extraction of biologically active substances is the main stage in the production of drugs from
natural compounds. With only a few exceptions, the process is performed by poorly efficient,
labor- and time-consuming (up to two weeks) methods based on percolation and maceration. In connection with this, intensification of the extraction stage, as well as increase in the final product quality, are tasks of special importance for the pharmaceutical industry. It was demonstrated that using various physical factors, including physical treatments (ultrasound, electrothermal processes, electroflotation, etc.), provides significant acceleration of the extraction process and a considerable decrease in the amount of structural metals used in the equipment and in the energy consumed in the process. The purpose of this work was to study the ultrasound-stimulated extraction of biologically active substances from raw plant materials and ways of acoustic energy dissipation in the system. © 2000 Springer, reprinted with permission.

Method for acetylene alcohol hydrogenation

Patent
E.M. Sulman, L.M. Bronstein, P.M. Valetsky, M.G. Sulman, V.G. Matveeva, D.N. Pirog, Yu.Yu. Kosivtsov, G.N. Demidenko, D.M. Chernyshov, N.A. Buzinova, N.V. Semagina
Patent (Russia) RU 2144020
Publication year: 2000

FIELD: organic chemistry, chemical technology. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of hydrogenation of acetylene alcohols that are intermediate organic compounds used in pharmaceutical and perfume industry. Selective hydrogenation of acetylene alcohols to the corresponding ethylene alcohols is carried out with hydrogen at concentration of acetylene alcohol from 0.22 to 0.88 mole/l at 60-90 C using micellar palladium-containing catalyst at amount from 1.66 to 6.66 g/l. The catalyst is prepared by immobilization of palladium acetate on polystyrene- -poly-4-vinylpyridine block-copolymer by reduction of immobilized Pd(II) to Pd(0), applying of obtained palladium nanoparticles on aluminium oxide and treatment by ultrasonic oscillation at intensity 2.5-3 Wt/cm2, frequency 22 kHz for 1-4 min. EFFECT: improved method of hydrogenation, increased yield and effective rate of the synthesis.

Hydrogenation of dehydrolinalool with novel catalyst derived from Pd colloids stabilized in micelle cores of polystyrene-poly-4-vinyl-pyridine block copolymers

Article
E. Sulman, Yu. Bodrova, V. Matveeva, N. Semagina, L. Cerveny, V. Kurtc, L. Bronstein, O. Platonova, P. Valetsky
Applied Catalysis A: General 176 (1), 75-81
Publication year: 1999

Hydrogenation of triple bond of dehydrolinalool to double one of linalool was studied with Pd colloids prepared in polystyrene-poly-4-vinylpyridine micelles in toluene and deposited on Al2O3. The high selectivity (99.8%) of this catalyst is explained by durable modification of the Pd nanoparticle surface with 4-vinylpyridine units. The activity of Pd catalyst studied is determined by high reactivity of small Pd nanoparticles. The influence of solvent nature on catalytic properties of Pd colloidal catalyst is studied. Maximum relative rate was found to be in methanol, but the highest selectivity was achieved in toluene because the latter is a selective solvent for polystyrene-poly-4-vinylpyridine micelles and provides the better accessibility of reactive sites. © 1999 Elsevier, reprinted with permission.

Catalytic hydrogenation of acetylenic alcohols using palladium complex of fullerene C60

Article
E. Sulman, V. Matveeva, N. Semagina, I. Yanov, V. Bashilov, V. Sokolov
Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 146 (1), 257-263
Publication year: 1999

Catalytic properties of Pd–fullerene complex η2-C60Pd(PPh3)2 have been studied in the hydrogenation of acetylenic alcohols. The kinetics of the homogeneous hydrogenation has been investigated under static conditions. The catalyst quantity and the initial concentration of acetylenic alcohol have been varied. Physico-chemical properties of Pd–fullerene complex have been studied using methods of Full-size image (<1 K) NMR, IR- and UV-spectroscopies. Using experimental results and physico-chemical investigations, the mathematical model of the process and the reaction mechanism have been offered. © 1999 Elsevier, reprinted with permission.

Selective homogeneous and heterogeneous hydrogenation of acetylenic alcohols (C10) using a [60] fullerene-Pd-phosphine complex: application, mechanizm and kinetics

Article
E.M. Sulman, V.G. Matveeva, N.V. Semagina, C. Deibele, J. Bargon, V.V. Bashilov
Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals Science and Technology, Section C – Molecular Materials, 11 (102), 53-56
Publication year: 1998

Method of linalool producing

Patent
E.M. Sulman, V.G. Matveeva, V.V. Bashilov, N.V. Semagina, M.G. Sulman
Patent (Russia) RU 2118953
Publication year: 1998

FIELD: chemical technology. SUBSTANCE: linalool is produced from dehydrolinalool by selective hydrogenization on preliminary reduced palladium catalyst at increased temperature in hydrogen flow at concentration of dehydrolinalool 0.1-0.43 mole/l, at 40-70 C in the presence of heterogeneous catalyst made as a complex (η2-C60)Pd(PPh3)2, and applied on carbon carrier “Sibunit” at amount 0.05-0.3 g/l in inert medium. Linalool is an intermediate organic compound used in pharmaceutical and perfume industry. EFFECT: high purity of product, high rate of synthesis.

Method of extraction from solid vegetable raw material

Patent
M.G. Sulman, T.V. Ankudinova, D.N. Pirog, E.M. Sulman, N.V. Semagina
Patent (Russia) RU 2104733
Publication year: 1998

FIELD: extraction of valuable components from solids. SUBSTANCE: the method consists in preliminary grinding of vegetable raw material with a subsequent action by ultrasound at a frequency of 22 kHz and intensity of ultrasound action within 1 to 70 W/sq.cm for 60 to 420 s in a solution of ethanol. EFFECT: facilitated procedure.